OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) is a library of programming functions mainly aimed at real-time computer vision, originally developed by an Intel research center and now open source.
TouchDesigner comes pre-installed with OpenCV 4.5 (including contributed modules), and numpy which interface with TouchDesigner's Python 3.7.2, making it possible for TouchDesigner to access the OpenCV functions directly.
Using OpenCV with python
- open TouchDesigner
- open the Textport with Alt+t
- run following commands:
TouchDesigner Build 2020.44350 compile on Thu Dec 3 19:21:39 2020 Python 3.7.2 (heads/3.7-Derivative:052feb9e72, Mar 7 2019, 16:29:45) [MSC v.1900 64 bit (AMD64)] python >>> import cv2 python >>> cv2.__version__ '4.5.0'
- if the output is '4.5.0' and no errors, OpenCV is working properly.
Textures to numpyArrays
Every TOP can directly be converted into a NumPy Array by calling the
myTop.numpyArray() Method (Also see: TOP Class#Methods)
NumPy arrays are the default data structure openCV saves its data in. In general NumPy can be understood as a library for Python to support large, multi-dimensional arrays and matricies, along with a large collection of high level functions to operate on these arrays. (Compare: NumPy)
Example: Applying a colormap to a Texture
The following example is the content of a Script TOP. The OpenCV function
cv2.applyColorMap() takes as input a monochrome image as well as a reference to a predefined colormap essentially doing what the Lookup TOP does in TouchDesigner. More information can be found here: ColorMaps in OpenCV
1 def onCook(scriptOp): 2 # grab the input to the scriptTOP with a frame delayed 3 # for faster operation (compare TopTo CHOP) 4 input = scriptOp.inputs.numpyArray(delayed=True) 5 6 # do we have a image ready? 7 # the first frame will be None as we are getting things a frame later. 8 if not input is None: 9 # extract the red channel and convert to uint8 10 sChan = cv2.extractChannel(input,0)*255 11 sChan = sChan.astype('uint8') 12 13 # apply a colormap to the red channel 14 output = cv2.applyColorMap(sChan, cv2.COLORMAP_TWILIGHT_SHIFTED) 15 # output the numpyarray to the Script TOP 16 scriptOp.copyNumpyArray(output) 17 return
Example: Finding Features in a Texture
The following example is the content of a Script CHOP. First, parameters for the Script CHOP are specified.
For each cook of the Script CHOP, the operator specified in the
Top custom parameter is read into a numPy array and then passed on to an openCV function called goodFeaturesToTrack.
Note: The referenced TOP should be a monochrom image. Converting color textures to grayscale can be done using the Monochrome TOP. Doing so, and using the Luminance function as the convertion, makes it unnecessary to do this step in the script (many openCV functions expect a grayscale image as input).
The resulting output can be used in an Instancing setup.
1 # me - this DAT 2 # scriptOp - the OP which is cooking 3 4 # press 'Setup Parameters' in the OP to call this function to re-create the parameters. 5 def onSetupParameters(scriptOp): 6 # create a custom page 7 page = scriptOp.appendCustomPage('Good Features') 8 9 # create a custom TOP reference parameter 10 topPar = page.appendTOP('Top', label='TOP (monochrome)') 11 12 # create a custom parameter to specify number of features to detect 13 p = page.appendInt('Features', label='Number of Features') 14 p.default = 25 15 p.normMin = 1 16 p.normMax = 250 17 18 # create a custom parameter to specify minimum quality level 19 # under which detected features would be rejected 20 p = page.appendFloat('Quality', label='Minimum Quality Level') 21 p.default = 0.01 22 p.normMin = 0.001 23 p.normMax = 1 24 25 # create a custom parameter to specify the minimum distance 26 # between detected features 27 p = page.appendInt('Distance', label='Minimum Distance') 28 p.default = 10 29 p.normMin = 1 30 p.normMax = 1200 31 return 32 33 # called whenever custom pulse parameter is pushed 34 def onPulse(par): 35 return 36 37 import numpy as np 38 import cv2 39 40 def onCook(scriptOp): 41 scriptOp.clear() 42 43 # read in parameters to see how many features to detect 44 topRef = scriptOp.par.Top.eval() 45 features = scriptOp.par.Features 46 quality = scriptOp.par.Quality 47 distance = scriptOp.par.Distance 48 49 # default values 50 xVals =  51 yVals =  52 corners =  53 54 if topRef: 55 # read top as numpyArray 56 img = topRef.numpyArray() 57 58 # since we are reading from a gray scale TOP, throw out everything but red channel 59 # we also can skip the cv2.cvtColor function you would see here otherwise for converting a color image to gray scale 60 img = img[:,:,:1] 61 62 # run goodFeaturesToTrack openCV function 63 # https://docs.opencv.org/3.0-beta/doc/py_tutorials/py_feature2d/py_shi_tomasi/py_shi_tomasi.html 64 corners = cv2.goodFeaturesToTrack(img,features,quality,distance) 65 66 # slice array to have x and y positions split into 2 variables 67 xVals = corners[:,:,0:1] 68 yVals = corners[:,:,1:2] 69 70 # setup the scriptOp with 2 channels 71 # also set length to number of features that were detected 72 scriptOp.rate = me.time.rate 73 scriptOp.numSamples = len(corners) 74 tx = scriptOp.appendChan('tx') 75 ty = scriptOp.appendChan('ty') 76 77 # assign values to channels 78 tx.vals = xVals 79 ty.vals = yVals 80 return
Textures to CUDA Memory
Using OpenCV with Custom Operators
TouchDesigner includes the full set of OpenCV libraries and includes necessary to develop Custom Operators that make use of OpenCV 4.5
In the TouchDesigner GitHub repository "Custom Operator Samples" multiple examples in the TOP family make use of OpenCV:
- Canny Edge TOP
- Contours TOP
- Distance Transform TOP
- Object Detector TOP
- Optical Flow CPU TOP
- Optical Flow GPU TOP
- Spectrum TOP
OpenCV C++ Documentation is here.
OpenCV License Agreement
TouchDesigner uses parts of OpenCV (the Blob Track TOP) under the following license.
Intel License Agreement.
Copyright (C) 2000, Intel Corporation, rights reserved. Third party copyrights are property of their respective owners.
Redistribution of OpenCV and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
- Redistribution's of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
- Redistribution's in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
- The name of Intel Corporation may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
The OpenCV software is provided by the copyright holders and contributors "as is" and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the Intel Corporation or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.